categoria | Diritti umani, Tratta, Vittimologia

Traffico di esseri umani,Adam Blackwell

Inserito il 24 gennaio 2015 da Maria Rosa DOMINICI

Imporante ciò che l’Ambasciatore Adam Blackwell riferisce in questo suo post circa il profitto che la criminalità transnazionale ricava dal traffico di esseri umani,sembra di rileggere pagine del tempo dei negrieri,allora era socialmente accettato,ora non dovrebbe piu’ essere cosi…
grazie
Maria Rosa Dominici
Ambassador.Adam.Blackwell posted: “According to the UN, human trafficking generates over $32 billion USD in profits annually, and there are at least “ 2.4 million people [who] are victims of trafficking at any given time” (UNODC, 2012). This network of trafficking extends around the world ” Respond to this post by replying above this line

https://adamblackwell.wordpress.com/2015/01/23/a-multi-stakeholder-approach-to-human-trafficking/

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Secretario de Seguridad Multidimensional
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A Multi-Stakeholder Approach to Human Trafficking
January 23, 2015 · by Ambassador.Adam.Blackwell · in Blog Posts. ·

According to the UN, human trafficking generates over $32 billion USD in profits annually, and there are at least “ 2.4 million people [who] are victims of trafficking at any given time” (UNODC, 2012). This network of trafficking extends around the world with victims from 127 countries traveling between 137 recipient countries (UNODC, 2012). At best these numbers are estimates; what is not in doubt is that this is a global issue that directly threatens too many of the most vulnerable in society. Victims are often lured by traffickers into slavery through promises of financial rewards, work, assistance crossing a border, or marriage, but instead are coerced into sexual slavery, indentured servitude, or even organ removal.

These are transnational issues that need a multilateral and multi-sectoral response. During my time at the Organization of American States we have been working with member states on various security issues by trying to develop integrated approaches to address all aspects of insecurity in our society. As the Chair of the WEF Meta Council on the Illicit Economy we have also been working across business sectors to create awareness, dialogue and action.

This is a complex task as there are no simple one size fits all solution. I use what I call a “preventative governance” equation that helps us identify the systemic components of these problems, as well as the multipliers: a combination of social vulnerabilities, state/institutional fragilities, and accelerators like gangs, guns, and drugs.

Our goals as policymakers and citizens must be to craft policies to improve security at each level of this equation for human trafficking. This means that we need policies that can:

Respond to social weaknesses that make victims of human trafficking vulnerable to exploitation, such as gender inequalities, underemployment, family conflicts, etc.
Work with government, private sector and civil society institutions to prevent, advocate for victims and effectively respond to human trafficking.
Take into account accelerators of crime when drafting policies, such as the illicit economy, sex tourism, and gangs.

All multilateral organizations, UN, OECD, ASEAN, AU and of course the OAS , to name a few, are committed to combating these crimes by developing a global and regional strategies to degrade and disrupt transnational trafficking networks.

At the recent OAS Meeting of National Authorities on Trafficking in Persons in Brasilia, delegates discussed methods to combat human trafficking and crafted a comprehensive regional policy response to these atrocious crimes through the “Declaration Brasilia” and the “Second Work Plan to Combat Trafficking in Persons in the Western Hemisphere 2015-2018.” The Work Plan will implement benchmarks to measure the efficacy of member states counter-trafficking policies, while the Brasilia Declaration pledges all member states to redouble their efforts to combat human trafficking, the combination of which can help strengthen state institutions and combat institutional fragility to significantly disrupt human trafficking.

As Chair of the Global Agenda Meta-Council on the Illicit Economy and previously as Chair of the Global Agenda Council on Illicit Trade and Organized Crime of the World Economic Forum, our council has taken on human trafficking as a key agenda focus. In 2013, the Global Agenda Council Human Trafficking Network-wide Task Force was co-founded by Christina Bain, Co-Vice Chair of the former Global Agenda Council on Illicit Trade and Organized Crime and Dr. Louise Shelley of the Global Agenda Council on Illicit Trade and Organized Crime. The objective of the task force is three-fold:

To create a solidified network of experts to foster collaboration in combatting human trafficking, especially from those Global Agenda Councils where labor and sex trafficking may not necessarily be a clear overlap;
To collect and analyze existing codes of conduct and strategies for businesses to combat or prevent human trafficking from international corporations and additional external stakeholders working with the business community. Analyze these codes/ strategies in terms of their broader or sector suitability; and
To compile a toolkit publication based on these promising practices coupled with a follow-up workshop to engage businesses, government, academia, and NGOs further in the discussion.

The toolkit has been completed and will be released shortly in the coming weeks, and the workshop will be taking place on February 19, 2015 at the Forum headquarters in New York.

The World Economic Forum has shown real leadership in complementing the multilateral effort by building the Global Agenda Council network to ensure that there is a safe space for these very difficult conversations and help in coordinating effective responses.

References

United Nations Office on Drug and Crime (UNODC). (2012). Human Trafficking-People for Sale. Retrieved from http://www.unodc.org/documents/toc/factsheets/TOC12_fs_humantrafficking_EN_HIRES.pdf
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Maria Rosa DOMINICI

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psicologa,psicoterapeuta vittimologa,membro dell'Accademia Teatina delle Scienze,della New York Academy ofSciences,dell'International Ass. of Juvenile and Family Court Magistrates,della Società Italiana di Vittimologia,della W.S.V.,dell'Ass.internazionale di Studi Medico Psico Religiosi.,docente di seminari di sessuologia, criminologia e vittimologia in università Italiane e straniere,esperta per progetti Daphne su tratta di minori e sfruttamento sessuale,creatrice del progetto Psicantropos,autrice di varie pubblicazioni,si occupa di minori e reati ad essi connessi da 40 anni.

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